The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is responsible for adjudicating most cases, including:
- Petitions for Alien Relative
- Residency/Green Cards
- Work Permits
- Business Visas
Prior to the Trump Administration, the processing times varied between 4-8 months, but never over one year. However, in 2018, immigration lawyers started seeing an increase in processing times. The current immigration backlogs by USCIS are attributed to several factors.
New Policies Causing Slowdowns in Immigration Case Processing
The biggest contributing factor has been internal memorandums that slow down the cases. For example, one new policy is now requiring officers to review past decisions made by other officers, even if years have passed. This significantly delays cases by almost double.
Another policy requires a “last in first out” approach that causes older cases to be stale and possibly without finality for years. The overall number of applications filed in 2018 declined by 13 percent, while the processing times increased by 19 percent.
Additional Factors That May Be Delaying Your Immigration Case
There are other factors that can cause delays in the processing of your immigration case.
Factors that can delay your immigration case include, but are not limited to:
- You are on a waiting list for a limited supply visa or green card
- Your file was lost
- Your mail was sent to the wrong address
- If you have changed your address, you need to let both USCIS and the specific department you are working with know right away
- You have a security check that is taking time to process
- This can cause further delays if you have a common name or an extension criminal or immigration record
Local Offices and Backlogs
Processing times also vary by the local offices. In South Florida, there are (5) local field offices:
- Miami Field Office
- Hialeah Field Office
- Kendall Field Office
- Oakland Park Field Office
- West Palm Beach Field Office
Each of these offices has their own backlogs. As of recently, the local offices have been scheduling cases within the other jurisdictions to speed up applications.
The Miami Field Office is the slowest office in South Florida. However, they have started interviewing on Saturdays again, which should help ease the backlog.